The National Demining Comission in Angola



In 1995 the UN deployed a peacekeeping mission (UNAVEM) to monitor the implementation of the 1994 Lusaka Accord between the Government of Angola (GoA) and UNITA.  In response to the massive humanitarian problems caused by landmines and other Explosive Remnants of War the UN worked with the GoA to establish the Instituto Nacional para Remocao de Objectos e Engenhos Explosivos (INAROEE).  INAROEE was responsible for coordinating all mine action efforts in the country and was also the national operator for mine action.  A National Demining School was established in Viana whilst provincial structures were established to manage the deployment of the demining brigades.


In 2003 the Government of Angola reformed its institutional arrangements for mine action by separating the responsibility for the coordination of the mine action sector and the responsibility for implementing mine action operations.  The government created the National Intersectorial Commision for Humanitarian Demining and Assistance (CNIDAH) and the National Demining Institute (INAD).  CNIDAH is a commission that reports directly to the Council of Ministers and is responsible for the coordination, planning, and organization of all actions related to demining, assistance to mine victims, and the social reintegration of mine victims.  INAD is a public institute, with autonomous finance and administration responsibilities, and is the Government of Angola’s mine action operator and is primarily responsible for demining operations and training, surveys, and Mine Risk Education (MRE).  CNIDAH has been receiving capacity development services from UNDP since it was established in 2002 whilst INAD is yet to receive any support from UNDP and the international donor community.